Down Syndrome and Oral Healthcare
Children and young adults who have Down syndrome have fewer cavities than people without this developmental disability. Several conditions may contribute to this fact:
- Delayed development of primary and permanent teeth
- Missing permanent teeth
- Small-sized teeth with wider spaces between them, which make it easier to remove plaque
- The diets of many children with Down syndrome are closely supervised to prevent obesity; this helps reduce consumption of sugary foods and beverages.
By contrast, some adults with Down syndrome are at an increased risk of cavities.