Treatment for Down Syndrome
Because there is no cure, the goals of Down syndrome treatment are to control symptoms and manage any resulting medical conditions. This includes regular checkups and screenings, medications, and surgery. Counseling and support groups are also aspects of treatment for those who need help in coping with the emotional and practical aspects of Down syndrome.
Because it is a problem with the chromosomes, there are no cures for Down syndrome. Therefore, treatment for the condition focuses on controlling symptoms and any medical conditions that result because of Down syndrome.
Treatment for Down syndrome can include:
- Regular checkups and screening
- Counseling and support.
People with Down syndrome are at increased risk for certain medical problems, such as:
- Congenital heart disease
- Leukemia and other cancers
- Immune system problems
- Thyroid problems
- Bone, muscle, nerve, or joint problems
- Hearing problems
- Eye problems
- Seizure disorders
- Developmental delay
- Mental retardation
- Premature aging
- Alzheimer's disease.
Because of these medical conditions and their associated complications, a person with Down syndrome is at increased risk of premature death. Regular checkups are important. These visits help ensure that any changes in health are noted and treated if necessary.
The doctor may also schedule certain screening tests to look for problems before symptoms occur. This is important, given the increased risk of vision and hearing problems, infections, and cancer in people with Down syndrome.